The quality of surface and groundwater is incredibly important. It is almost impossible to identify any economic activity which does not affect the quality or quantity of our water resources. We need water to keep our ecosystems alive, produce drinking water, irrigate crops, transport vast amounts of goods by ship, attract tourists, and discharge domestic and industrial wastewater.
All these activities put increasing pressure on our available water resources.
Protecting our water resources against a wide variety of natural and anthropogenic pollutants is of vital importance to protect public health and preserve nature.